2 edition of Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen harvesting found in the catalog.
Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen harvesting
1994 by North Central Forest Experiment Station, Forest Service--U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in St. Paul, Minn. (1992 Folwell Avenue, St. Paul 55108) .
Written in English
|Statement||David H. Alban ... [et al.].|
|Series||Research paper NC -- 315.|
|Contributions||Alban, David H., North Central Forest Experiment Station (Saint Paul, Minn.)|
|The Physical Object|
Soil compaction can have both desirable and undesirable effects on plant growth. Research from North America and Europe indicates that crops respond to soil compaction as shown in Figure 2. In a dry year, at very low bulk densities, yields gradually increase with an increase in soil compaction. A slightly compacted soil can speed up the rate ofFile Size: KB. forest floor (subplots 2, 3, and 4) and underlying mineral soil layers (subplot 2). The entire forest floor layer is sampled from a known area after measuring the thickness of the duff (humus) and litter layers at four locations in a sampling frame of known area. Once the File Size: KB. Aim of study: The primary objective of this paper was to compare the effects of different types of forestry machine chassis on the compaction of the top layers of soil and to define the soil moisture content level, at which machine traffic results in maximum compaction. Area of study: Measurements were conducted in eight forest stands located in Slovakia and the Czech . the ﬁ eld after a rain without getting stuck. Effects of Compaction on Soil’s Physical Properties The major impact of soil compaction is the alteration of soil’s physical properties. The most notable changes are in soil bulk density, soil strength, porosity, and hydrau-lic properties such as inﬁ ltration rate and hydraulic conductivity.
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Get this from a library. Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen harvesting. [David H Alban; North Central. Response of forest vegetation and foliar δ13C and δ15N to soil compaction and forest floor removal in a boreal aspen forest Article in Forest Ecology and Management (s 1–3)– Alban, D.
et al Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen ch Paper North Central Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest NCCited by: The effects of severe soil compaction and whole tree Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen harvesting book plus forest floor removal (referred to below as forest floor removal) on understory cover and species composition, and trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) and white spruce (Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) growth and foliar δ 13 C and δ 15 N were investigated in a boreal aspen forest near Dawson Creek, BC, Cited by: soil properties following forest harvesting and application of soil compaction and forest floor removal treatments, and to measure responses by the forest regeneration and herba-ceous vegetation.
We report results on aspen stocking and growth; biomass production of aspen and associated vegeta-tion after five growing seasons; and on forest floor.
Soil compaction associated with cut-to-length and whole-tree harvesting of a coniferous forest Sang-Kyun Han, Han-Sup Han, Deborah S. Page-Dumroese, and Leonard R.
Johnson Abstract: The degree and extent of soil compaction, which may reduce productivity of forest soils, is believed to vary byCited by: Soil enzymes are linked to microbial functions and nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems and are considered sensitive to soil disturbances.
We investigated the effects of severe soil compaction and whole-tree harvesting plus forest floor removal (referred to as FFR below, compared with stem-only harvesting) on available N, microbial biomass C (MBC), Cited by: Timber harvest impacts the understorey vegetation through physical disruption of the forest floor (e.g.
erosion, root damage, soil compaction) and/or by altering microenvironmental conditions. Three hypotheses tested are: (1) soil compaction will negatively affect both aboveground biomass of planted trees by themselves and aboveground biomass of total vegetation (trees + competing vegetation), and the trends will be consistent at 5, 10, and 20 years of plantation growth; (2) both whole-tree harvest and whole-tree plus forest floor Cited by: 6.
Aspen height growth Scalping of forest floor significantly reduced aspen height compared to the stem only and whole tree harvest treat-ments after the second year of growth (Figure 2).
The lowest mean heights for aspen were also found on the forest floor removal treatments in the U.S. LTSP aspen sites, regardless of soil texture (Stone Microbial community responses in forest mineral soil to compaction, organic matter removal, and vegetation control1 Matt D.
Busse, Samual E. Beattie, Robert F. Powers, Felipe G. Sanchez, and Allan E. Tiarks Abstract: We tested three disturbance hypotheses in young conifer plantations: H: soil compaction and removal ofCited by: Search SpringerLink.
Search. Erratum to: Soil compaction and forest floor removal reduced microbial biomass and enzyme activities in a boreal aspen forest soil. Soil compaction and forest floor removal reduced microbial biomass and enzyme activities in a boreal aspen forest soil.
Biol Fertil So () doi Cited by: soil properties and produce both onsite and offsite impacts on forest and related resources.
Soil compaction is one commonly observed consequence of the use of machinery on forest sites. The negative impacts of soil compaction on these sites include the reduced growth of seedlings and residual trees and, in someFile Size: 1MB.
This plot at the Chippewa National Forest (shown 17 years after harvest) received the most severe treatment, a combination of whole-tree harvest, forest floor removal, and heavy compaction.
This work was made possible by the efforts of many USDA Forest Service scientists and technicians who started the Long Term Soil Productivity study two.
Relationships between Soil Compaction and Harvest Season, Soil Texture, and Landscape Position for Aspen Forests Randy Kolka, Aaron Steber, Ken Brooks, Charles H. Perry, and Matt Powers Although a number of harvesting studies have assessed compaction, no study has considered the interacting relationships of harvest season, soil texture, andCited by: 8.
We used six long-term soil productivity (LTSP) sites in the interior of British Columbia, Canada to test the effects of organic-matter removal and soil compaction on forest health, and to explore the relationship between forest health response and potential indicators of site sensitivity: mineral soil pH, base saturation, carbon to nitrogen Cited by: 2.
EVALUATION OF EFFECT OF VEGETATION COVER ON SOIL COMPACTION Patrik Burg, Vladimir Masan, Pavel Zemanek Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic @ Abstract.
In terms of ensuring the sustainability and permanent soil fertility, the key role in viticulture is played by short-term and permanent greening in the Size: KB. FOREST HARVESTING DISTURBANCE AND SITE PREPARATION EFFECTS ON SOIL PROCESSES AND VEGETATION IN A YOUNG PINE PLANTATION by Tonya W.
Lister Dr. James A. Burger, Chairman Forestry (ABSTRACT) The favorable growth of young loblolly pines (Pinus taeda L.) in response to controlling non-crop vegetation is well documented.
However. Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen harvesting. Res. Pap. NC Saint Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Research Station.
8 p. Aspen clearcutting increases snowmelt and storm flow peaks in north central Minnesota. Water Resources Bulletin. Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - Forest, Range & Wildland Soils Soil Nutrient Dynamics after Harvesting and Slash Treatments in Boreal Aspen Stands Chipping reduced forest floor microbial N concentration by 25% and increased microbial C/N by 28% but had no impact on nutrient availability.
Differences between WTH and SOH. desired forest vegetation. r Maintaining soil productivity is key to sustainable forest management. r Maintaining forest soil productivity is less costly than correction or mitigation, such as trying to fix damaged soils after the fact. r Soil productivity influences what plants can grow on a site (or in the forest) and how well they grow.
Bedding fully ameliorated the effects of soil compaction based on the physical properties measured. Trends suggest some improvements in soil quality with increasing levels of non-crop vegetation biomass; however, during 2 yr of operational vegetation control, the beneficial effects of the non-crop vegetation were marginal.
Forest Floor, Soil, andVegetation Responses to Sludge Fertilization in Red and White Pine Plantations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 47(4): Keywords: Pinus resinosa Ait., Pinus strobus L., forest fertilization, soil fertility, foliar nutrition, site productivity, heavy metals.
Posted Date: April 1, ; Modified Date: August Cited by: A study was conducted to determine the effects of harvesting-induced soil disturbance, bedding and chemical vegetation control on soil processes and productivity, and to characterize the effects of silvicultural treatments on non-crop vegetation dynamics.
Study plots were established on a wet pine flat on South Carolina's lower Coastal Plain. x - Lect 16 - Electromagnetic Induction, Faraday's Law, Lenz Law, SUPER DEMO - Duration: Lectures by Walter Lewin.
They will make you ♥ Physics. Recommended for you. What causes soil compaction. Soil compaction is caused by tilling, harvesting, or grazing when the soils are wet.
Soil water content influences compaction. A dry soil is much more resistant to compaction than a moist or wet soil.
Other factors affecting compaction include the texture, pressure exerted, composition (texture, organic matter. Impact of Forest Operation on Soil Compaction – San Rossore Case Study. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 63(4): – The paper presents the assessment of compaction grade caused by machinery used in forest biomass for energy harvesting.
The main aim was to determinate unaﬀ ected soil conditions Cited by: 1. Soil compaction is a problem in many landscapes. A recent survey of arborists estimated that 40 percent of commercial and residential properties had an area of significant soil compaction near trees.
Historically, grounds managers have had few options for correcting this problem. Fortunately, recent advances have made it easier to effectively treat compaction problems.
But soil ruts, the modification of soil by the penetration of the soil by wheels or tracks because of a bearing capacity failure of the soil, is the focus of the current Forest Soils Conservation Guidelines.
Soil rutting is of primary concern for several reasons: 1. Soil structure is destroyed and organic horizons mixed with mineral soil. This can. Soil damage on forest roads and landings includes the removal of the organic layer and topsoil, soil compaction, and erosion of the exposed soil.
The soil damage affects hillslope infiltration and surface and subsurface flows. If significant, the resulting erosion.
could be a major source ol- nutrient IOSS foP-he harvest (Binkley, ). Alban, David H.: Soil and vegetation response to soil compaction and forest floor removal after aspen harvesting / ([St.
Paul, Minn.]: North Central Forest Experiment Station, ) (page images at HathiTrust). A REVIEW OF THE EFFECTS OF SOIL COMPACTION AND AMELIORATION TREATMENTS ON LANDSCAPE TREES by Susan D. Day and Nina L. Bassuk Abstract. Compacted soil is a frequently encountered problem on urban and community landscape sites.
Numerous site amelioration methods and planting techniques have been employed to counteract the harmful. The Effects of Soil Compaction: As soil particles are pressed together, soil experiences an increase in bulk density.
This increases soil strength, but causes the destruction of large pores, which are responsible for air and water movement. Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Earth's body of soil, called the pedosphere, has four important functions. as a medium for plant growth; as a means of water storage, supply and purification; as a modifier of Earth's atmosphere; as a habitat for organisms; All of these functions, in their turn, modify the soil and.
Soil compaction is not a widespread problem on the region’s forested lands; it is largely confined to trails (walking, biking, hiking, equestrian, and motorized) and forest harvest operations. Loss of calcium and increase in aluminum in certain soils across the Northeast can stress calcium-sensitive tree species and make them more susceptible.
Mineral soil min-N was found to change after disturbance, increasing on some plots after 5 years by as much as 20 mg kg Some of the lowest min-N concentrations were found after forest floor removal, but inconsistent responses across compaction treatments and sites made it difficult to generalize on the overall effects of soil disturbance.
Protection of forest soils during harvesting operations is necessary to reduce damage and accelerate recovery time. The current study aims to evaluate soil physical properties, natural regeneration, and its recovery process in treatments including slope gradient, traffic intensity and skid trail after long periods of time, after ceasing the timber harvesting : Hadi Sohrabi, Meghdad Jourgholami, Farzam Tavankar, Rachele Venanzi, Rodolfo Picchio.
Soil Compaction. Compaction of the soil surface can greatly reduce rainfall storage and increase runoff and erosion. A porous soil improves plant vigor by allowing the infiltration of water, air, and nutrients. Hoof impact and machinery operation on wetter. To simulate soil compaction in forest soils due to for-warder traffic by means of an analytical soil compaction model, the SoilFlex model.
To analyse the effect of variability in soil water content and bulk density on soil compaction simulations. To evaluate the impact of organic carbon on bulk den-sity values after wheeling. Canadian Journal of Forest Research (WT T) and without (WT) disc trenching, whole-tree harvest with forest-floor removal by blading (WT B), and blading Sanborn P, Sanchez F, Stone D, Tiarks A.
Effects of organic matter removal, soil compaction, and vegetation control on 5-year seedling performance: a regional comparison of long Cited by:. During the last decades, manual felling and logging of forest trees by animals or small tractors evolved towards mechanized harvesting, using heavy tractors or specialized forestry machines with increasing masses.
This development may cause soil degradation in forest ecosystems as the resulting soil compaction modifies soil characteristics that are important for .Soil compaction due to mechanized harvesting operations in forests can have profound effects on forest soils and, hence, can have a detrimental effect on subsequent forest regeneration.
We performed a meta-analysis to quantify the effect of soil compaction on height growth, diameter growth, and survival of tree saplings.Soil compaction is a physical form of soil degradation that nized operations involved in intensive cropping and in forest silvi-culture can, directly or indirectly, lead to the soil com- The soil compaction is accompanied by the removal of the soil air, changes in the soil structure, and Cited by: